Name: Monuments and Sites of the Roman Era
Date of Issue: 14 June 2009
15.00: Archaeological Site of Madaure
Madaure, Latin Madaurus, hence the name of M'daourouch, is an ancient Roman city located 45 kms from Thaghaste (now Souk-Ahras) north east of Algeria. Its creation dates back to the year 75 BC during the reign of Roman Emperor Vespasian. The city has lived through the invasion Berber, Roman, Byzantine and Vandal. Regarded as a center for educational outreach, it is distinguished by its university, one of the first with Carthage in Africa. The story reveals the names of two great teachers: Maximus the grammarian and the rhetorician Apuleius. Among students Madaure is the philosopher and theologian Saint Augustine, founder of the religious thinking of Catholicism. Seven hectares and a half have been excavated since 1905 on the area that in the archaeological park listed since 1968. The park also contains the remains still resistant to the vicissitudes of time.
20.00: Archaeological Site of Khemissa
Distance of 37 kilometers from Souk-Ahras, the city of Khemissa whose ancient name is Thubursicu Numidarum, is a city next to a hill with a vast territory irrigated and a large water resource (the source of Medjerda) .
Numidian city, it became a municipality in the second century AD under the emperor Trajan, and settlement fees in the third century. At the strategic level, this city was an important because it was located on a road linking the port of Hippo Regius (near Annaba) in the camp of the Legion of Africa (Tébessa).
Bishops are mentioned between 354 and 411: Fortinius, Maurentius and Januarius.
The ruins cover an area of over 65 ha and contain important monuments: the old place in the eastern district of the city, the theater at the foot of the hill to the north, the great basilica colonnaded court, also the monumental gateway to a single bay. Khemissa is a beautiful place among the ancient cities of North Africa.
30.00: Ancient theater of Guelma
Guelma or Calama in antiquity, situated in the east, was a Numidian city before becoming a municipality under the reign of the emperor Trajan and Roman colony in the late third century. Of its Roman past, the city has retained a theater that is, in the opinion of competent persons, an architectural masterpiece. This theater has a large number of stands divided into four zones and traversed by stairs. The scene of this monument is impressive and is marked by an architectural-based front articulated itself around a staircase of seven steps. On both sides of the staircase on the platform and in a harmony are two huge gates formed by two very tall columns and two pilasters. Against the stage wall stands, on both sides, two colossal statues of Aesculapius and Neptune. The ancient theater of Guelma museum houses the largest city on archeology. This monument remains a witness to the cultural influence that the city experienced in the early third century.
Wednesday, July 15, 2009