Thursday, November 22, 2007

Turkey Architect FDC

Official FDC
Self-made FDC
Turkey FDC
Name: Mimar Sinan and His Works
Issue date: 2007 November 14th

Mimar Sinan (Ottoman Turkish: خوجه معمار سنان آغا) (April 15, 1489 - July 17, 1588) was the chief Ottoman architect for sultans Selim I, Suleiman I, Selim II and Murad III. He was, during a period of fifty years, responsible for the construction or the supervision of every major building in the Ottoman Empire. More than three hundred structures are credited to his name, exclusive of his more modest projects, such as his Koran schools (sibyan mektebs). More...

60krs. Büyükcekmece Bridge (Büyükcekmece köprüsü):

The Büyükcekmece Bridge crosses the Büyükcekmece Lake at the European half of Istanbul. The bridge is located at the "Via Egnatia" crossroad, linking Istanbul since the Classical Age with the Balkans.Since this road has had also great significance in Ottoman times, being a major trade and pilgrimage route and a bridge erected by the Romans had become too fragile it was erected by Mimar Sinan at 1567/68. The bridge has a length of 635,37 m and is wide 7,17m, and has at all 28 arches. It is most remarkable that the bridge has been erected over a swamp area, making it a statical masterpiece.

70 krs. Haseki Hürrem Sultan Bath (Haseki Hürrem Sultan Hamami)
A public bath built by Mimar Sinan at 1553 (next to the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul) within the pious foundation complex founded by Haseki Hürrem Sultan(1506-1558), the wife of Sultan Süleyman II. the Magnificent(1494-1566). Being one of the most beautiful historical baths of Istanbul, the buildings length is 75 m and composed of two linked complexes. While the middle parts of the building are made of massive stones the buildings wings are composed of rows of bricks. It is used as a museum nowadays.

70. krs. Selimiye Mosque (Selimiye Camii):
Built at Edirne by Mimar Sinan between 1568-1574. It was considered by Sinan to be his masterpiece and is one of the highest achievements of Islamic architecture. It has four minarets which are all exactly 79,89 m. high while its magnificent dome has a diameter of 31,28 m. In this mosque Sinan employed an octagonal supporting system that is created through eight pillars incised in a square shell of walls. The four semi domes at the corners of the square behind the arches that spring from the pillars, are intermediary sections between the huge encompassing dome (31.25m diameter with spherical profile) and the walls. Around the rest of the mosque were many additions: libraries, schools, hospices, baths, soup kitchens for the poor, markets, hospitals, and a cemetery. More...

80 krs. Süleymaniye Mosque (Süleymaniye Camii):
Built between 1550-1557 at the historical center of Istanbul. The mosque is 59 meters in length and 58 meters in width. The main dome is 53 meters high and has a diameter of 26.5 meters. It has four minarets, the inner courtyard measures 2465 m2. Apart from the main mosque with the praying hall (cami) and courtyard (avlu), the mosque complex also includes a caravanserai or seraglio (sarayi; han), a public kitchen (imaret) which served food to the poor, a hospital (darüssifa), four Kuran schools (medrese), a specialized school for the learning of hadith, and a bath-house (hamam). It may be of interest that four big granite columns which are located in the mosque itself were brought from different places in the Empire: two from Istanbul,one from Alexandria and one from Baalbek. More...

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