Monday, November 5, 2007

Russia Trucks FDC

Russia FDC
Name: The First Native Trucks
Issue date: 2007 October 25th

Design: from left to right
1. AMO-F-15 АМО-Ф-15, 1924
Zavod Imeni Likhacheva was founded in 1916 as Avtomobilnoe Moskovskoe Obshchestvo (AMO, Russian Автомобильное Московское Общество (АМО) — Moscow Automotive Enterprise). The plans were to produce Fiat F-15 1.5 ton trucks under license. Because of the October Revolution and the subsequent Russian Civil War it took until 1 November 1924 to produce the first vehicle, the AMO-F-15.

2. GAZ-AA(MM) ГАЗ-АА(ММ), 1932
The GAZ-AA was a very important vehicle for the Soviet Army throughout World War II. This 2-axle truck was based on the Ford Model AA truck and began production in 1932. It had a four cylinder, 40 HP engine and could reach a top speed of 70 km/h on roads. This workhorse was placed into a variety of roles by the Red Army including supply hauling, troop transport, ambulance, fueling, and was also converted to mount either the 25-mm AA gun or quadruple Maxim machine gun. This truck is most famous for being the vehicle used by the Soviets to cross the frozen Lake Ladoga bringing supplies into Leningrad so that the besieged city would not fall into German hands.

3. ZiS-5V ЗИС-5В, 1942
An almost identical copy of an American Autocar Model CA, the ZiS-5 ("ZiS" standing for "Zavod Imieni Stalin") was produced from 1933 on. The truck was an instant success and evolved to the workhorse of the upcoming Great Patriotic War. Due to the lack of steel, the all-metal cab of the ZiS-5 soon received a wooden style which together with the angled front fender made up the ZiS-5V.

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